Integrated Tribal Development Fund (TDF

Diocesan Social Service Society (DSSS) is implementing Tribal Development Fund (TDF) project in Chandel block of Chandel District from April 2013-2018 with NABARD’s sponsored Fund. Two hundred farmers of Thangkin, Monsangpantha, Lamphoupasana, Charangching Khullen and Angkhelchayang villages are partners of this great initiative with the aim to promote sustainable livelihood through plantation of Lemon, Lichi and Banana as  the main wadi plants along with inter cropping practices. Apart from those mentioned main component the project has health, loan, water resource development, other livelihood interventions, Exposure visits and training components. Here, we wish to pen down the activities and progress of the project from 1st April 2016 to 31st September 2016.

Activities carried out during the Period from October to March 2017

  1. Harvesting of intercrops in the Wadi Farms.


Harvesting of intercropping in the Wadi Farm of Chandel District under TDF.  Each villages Wadi Farm assessment was done during the month of October & November 2016. Intercrops such as Paddy, White Pumpkin, Pumpkin, Ginger, Turmeric, Millet, Yam, Spice etc were harvested during these two months. Apart from those intercrops even the main component like Banana were harvested. Here three farmers were pick up random to know their produced.
      S. Peningthar, A Wadi farmer from Monsang Pantha village produces the following crops;

    • Pumpkin sold 18 pieces – per piece Cost Rs. 40-50/-
    • Ash guard sold 32 pieces- per piece Cost Rs.80-100/-
    • Yam – sold 8 Baskets (Traditional) Cost price 1 kg= Rs.30/-
    • Banana sold within two months Rs. 3000/-
    • Spices sold Rs. 2500/-
    • Thumling, A Wadi farmer from Lamphuo Pasna village pro duces the following crops;
    • Banana Sold within two months Rs.2000/-
    • Turmeric sold 10  bags.
    • Yam sold 5 (five) traditional baskets, Cost price 1 kg= Rs.30/-
    • DB. Moshel, A Wadi farmer from AngkhelChayang village produces the following crops for the month of November 2016.
    • Banana sold Rs.6500/-
    • Yam sold  6 (six) bags- Cost price 1 kg= Rs.30/-
    • Paddy 50 bags
    • Pumpkin- 26 pieces per piece Cost Rs. 40-50/-
    • White pumpkin -323 pieces per piece Cost Rs. 80-100/-
    • Ginger sold 5 (five) Bags @30

    Meeting with the Wadi Farmers of Monsang Patha village

    A meeting of Wadi Farmers of monsang pantha village was held on 13th Nov 2016 at the community hall, Chair by the Wadi President Mrs.TS. Peningthar. The meeting was regarding the renovation of Wadi farm fence as the Wadi Farm area is prime to cattle menace especially Buffaloes. Every year the Wadi farm of Monsang Pantha was destroyed by Buffaloes. So, in order to prevent from cattle menace the house during the meeting resolves and agreed to renovate Wadi farm fence for two days .i.e. on 15th & 16th Nov 2016. And so Renovation of the fencing took place on the said dates.
     Renovation of Wadi Farm Fence done at Monsang Pantha Village
    Renovation of Wadi Farm fence at Monsang Pantha village farm was done on 15th & 16th Nov 2016, Members of 60 (Sixty) Wadi farmers who are under the community farm  worked together for two consecutive days and contributed their laboured for renovating Wadi farm fences and protected their farm from cattle menace.
    Distribution of Wages: On the 20th November 2016, at Thangkin village, twenty Wadi farmers @ 2000 (two thousand only) have received advanced wages for watering, weeding, Mulching, and fertilization application. Apart from t wages for the same was distributed to Monsangpantha, Lamphoupasana, Angkhelchayang wadi farmers on the 4th and 11th February respectively for the year running 2016-17.

    The villages in which wages are distributed for the year 2016-17 are as follows:

    Sl.no

    villages

    Date

    components

    Mode of transfer

    Amount

    Remarks

    01

    Monsangpantha

    4,11 Feb. 17

    weeding mulching, watering, fertilizing

    RTGS

    10,8000

    Given

    02

    Thankin

    do

    do

    RTGS

    36,000

    Given

    03

    Lamphoupasana

    do

    do

    RTGS

    54,000

    Given

    04

    Angkhelchayang

    do

    do

    RTGS

    48,0000

    given

    Buffaloes destroyed farms

    Buffafoes are the greatest enemies of the farmers of Chandel area villages. The Chief Associations have taken the permission of the Deputy Commissioner of Chandel to stop animal menaces. They have strongly warned that buffaloes should be under the custody of its owner and that if any buffaloes enter any garden it could be shot at sight or a fine be imposed to the owner of the animals. So far the wadi farmers have fined individuals families for these devastating activities of the animals in the farm. However, for peaceful co-existence and concern for one another, the group had not done any harm to the animals. At the same time, if these buffaloes are kept unattended they can go anywhere, making all the fencing ineffective. So, it becomes the greatest huddle for the wadi farmers to be a progressive farmer.
    The following Wadi farmers farms has been destroyed by buffaloes on 1st Jan 2017.

    1. Sh. Pichung & Ng. Khamdim farm.
    2. Thangkin community farm for four consecutive times in the months of October and November 2016. The dates of where the buffaloes enter the garden of Thangkin community farms were dated 2nd, 3rd, 17th and 1st of November 2016.

    Fine has been imposed on the owner of the animals according to the customary laws of the land. However, the problem still remains. The Wadi farmers group of Monsangpantha has decided to purchase birbed wire from their saving so that their farm remains safe.

      • The wadi farmers of Charangching khullen have to completely leave their farm as there is a continuous animal manaces . The animals from neighbouring villages continues to play havoc in their farm. For the last four years  they tried their best butdue to its continuous destruction the farmers at last decided to give up. The wadi farmers said, “Neighbourliness and for relationship we didn’t kill their animals, though permission is given to kill the animals if caught in the farm.” The farmers of Charangching Khullen are disappointed and expressed that their efforts will be meaningless if their farm is not fenced and re-established.

      Observation of World Soild day at KVK Chandel

      Observation of World Soil day at KVK office Chandel was done on 5th December 2016, along with 22 Wadi beneficiaries from Monsang Pantha village. Shri. Sh. Manglen ADC Member of 11 Pantha was the resource person. Resource person talk about how we the Chandel farmers depending our livelihoopd in such a way that we don’t know about the condition of the soil whether it is fertile or suitable with the crops that we planted. His advices to the farmers to be more attached and connect with the KVK Department and conduct a soil test before crops plant and their crops should be planted according to the suitable of soil.

      Dr. Sunamani KVK staff also delivered a talk on different types of soils and which are Suitable for different crops, which the farmers can always lead to have a good harvest. After the end of the programme some of the few crops seeds like Cabbage, pee, etc were distributed to the farmer. 

      Jai Kishan Jai Vigyan

      On date27th Dec 2016- KVK Department conducted a programme on Jai Kishan Jai Vigyan along with the Wadi farmers of Monsang Pantha village, the programme was held at the village community hall. Different department staffs join the programme and delivered a talk on different topics like, Animals Husbandry, Home Science, and Technique of planting different crops; Apart from their verbal talks they also used audio visual and power point presentation for better understanding to farmers. Madam Linda was the interpreter. A Short documentary film was also shown in the programmes which gave a clear message of how our life would be after 2050 and the documentary film also tells us the generation gap and comparison of life at present and after 20 years generation that will happen, This tells us that, we need to produce and consumed Organic products which can sustained our livelihood and live with the green Earth. We also learned how to promote more trees, promote terrace cultivation instead of Jhuming cultivation. After which the departments distribution some sapling like Tree bean, Papaya, Marry gold flower and 5 (five) Vanaraja breed chick was given to the Wadi farmer.
      With the request from the self help groups of Wadi farmers of chandel district a second term of loan was disbursed, an amount of Rs.5 lacks. After a thorough studied carried out whether the previous loaner’s has make used of the amount sanction during the first term it came to light that with the previous received loan, loaner’s  benefited a lot. Thus, it was on 30th august transaction of money an amount of said above was done on this particular day.  

      Health awareness programme

      The Awareness Programmes were conducted in all the villages of farmers. The target topic during the year 2016-17 was mostly on the topic “The Important of Cleanliness” and “Common Winter Health Concerns”

      Sl. No

      Village

      Date

      Resource Person

      total no.
      participants

      Remarks

      01

      Monsangpantha

      22nd Nov. 2016

      Mrs. Lily Maring

      53

      (3 times)

      02

      Lamphoupasana

      18th Feb. 2017

      Mrs. L. Maring

      30

      (2 times

      03

      Thangkin

      13th March 2017

      Mr. Salim, Fr. Mung

       23

      2 times

      04

      Angkhelchayang

      19th March 2017

      Mr. Peter Salim

      38

      05

      Thotcharam

      25th March 2017

      Mr. Salim Peter

      32

      The resource persons, usually quoted the saying. “Cleanliness is next to Godliness” so cleanliness is very important in our life from all the aspects We should take care of it all through life, cleanliness should start from home,  also rightly pointed out the two types of cleanliness, one physical cleanliness and another is internal cleanliness, physical cleanliness keep us clean from outside and give us feeling of wellbeing with confidence. However internal cleanliness keeps us mentally peaceful. So in order to keep clean we should properly take daily care of ourselves neat and clean, dwellings, surroundings and our neighbourhood.
      The resource persons said with an example as the most recent cleanliness drive named as Swachh Bharat Abhiyan . And we all are responsible for cleaning any dirty place we see, that should keep our environment healthy.
      They also gave few ethics how to maintain cleanliness in our daily life as;

      • We should wash our hand before and after food.
      • We should take a shower both morning and night.
      • We should clean our home daily.
      • Cook food should be kept covered.
      • We should wear washed clothes every day.
      • Before retiring to sleep, we should wash our face, hands, and legs.
      • We should keep water bodies free from pollutants.
      • We should always throw waste in the dustbin.
      • We should keep environment clean.                                                                               

       While Speaking on the topic on Winter Health concerns the resource persons spoke about the ways to prevent sickness and keep good health during winter season, as seasonal ailments are many and diverse. The resource person mainly stress on how to protect and stay safe from different ailments through Home remedies which are most common problems that people face during winter like;  itchy skin, Dry skin, Itchy skin, scabies, Cold, Cough, Sore throat, Heart attack, flu etc. The awareness programme were followed by little discussion on different related ailments that the  people actually faced. Some natural tips to treatment given by Resource persons:

      • After the showers apply organic skin care lotion to prevent moisturise.
      • The best way to prevent you from itchy skin is avoid eating oily street food.
      • Gargling is a great way to prevent from getting sore throat.
      • Stay hydrated.
      •  Get a lot of rest.
      • Hot showers, stay warm.
      •  Light exercise.
      • Avoid caffeine, salt, spicy foods, quit smoking this would help you from cold.
      •  Getting good night’s sleep is pivotal for our health, body, mind, and our mood.

      The programme were very interactive and successful with the cooperation of the participants as many of them raised questions to the resource person which was instantly clarified by the resource persons, after which the participates were also share the traditional care remedies.

       

      Field visits to Wadi Farmers

      Field visit to the wadi villages are done weekly by the field coordinator and in addition to that the project Coordinator has done monthly. The table given below shows the frequency and the objective of the visits by the project coordinator.

      sl.no

      Places of visit

      By whom

      Date

      Remarks

      01

      Monsangpantha

      Fr. Mung

      7-11-16

      SHGs, Health

      02

      Monsangpantha, Thankin

      Fr. Mung

      7-01-17

      SHGs,

      03

      Lamphoupasana

      Mr. Poji, Fr. Mung

      16-01-17

      Field, SHGs

      04

      Angkhelchayang,  Lamphoupasana, Monsangpantha

      Fr. Mung

      13-03-17

      Meetings farmers with formate

      05

      Lamphoupasana

      NABCONS, Fr. Mung

      30-03-17

      Monitoring

      Usually we had a short discussion with Wadi secretary and some other beneficiaries of the village, NARBARD Manager or the project coordinator  inquired some question like as under: -

      • How are the main crops?
      • Is there any outcome of their Planted trees?
      • Where they sell their products?
      • Did they avail any loans?
      • What they do with the loans?
      • What is the marketing price of the fruits?
      • Are they benefited with the project?
      • What are the problems & challenges face by the beneficiaries.

      After which, they go along with the beneficiaries and visited the farms and witness the farms whether it is growing well and producing good fruits. In one of our visits the owner of the farm told us that the farm will be better in the near future because as now the tree is still not fully mature, as a witness of the good fruits we also bought a bunch of banana which cost Rs600.  As part of the project they grow three plants but growing litchi is not so benefited for the farmer since litchi did not grow well, as shared by the farmers, it may be the reason of unfavourable weather condition. While bananas and lemons are growing very well, some of the villagers have big farms of bananas and they earn good income from banana farm. On an inquiry a farmer told that he earned 7-10 thousand income through this farm and as we observed the beneficiary has really working hard, and he can reliant on the farm without other cultivation.
      Some of the problem faces by the Beneficiary are:-

      • After the flood no crops has grown properly on their cultivation land.
      • Due to weather unfavourable litchi did not grow well.

      Some of the requests made by the beneficiaries in 2017 are:-

      • Potatoes 20 bags
      • Tamarind 60 bags
      • Ginger 20 bags

      Farmer loans are used as:-

        • Piggery
        •  Poultry
        •  Bought Cows.
        • Weaving
        • Petty shops
        • Repairing Rice-mills etc

        Loan distribution for the financial year, 2016-2017

         It was so encouraging for the wadi farmers to avail loan from NABARD through DSSS. Many of the wadi farmers have expressed their gratitude in availing loan at a very low interest rate. Under TDF, loan was given to the wadi farmers for the following reasons on the 17th February 2017 for the year 2016-17.


        A.
        Sl.No

        Name of   SHGs/ wadi farmers group

        Account Number

        IFSC

        Activities

        Amount
        Rs.

        Reason

        01

        Wadi Farmers Group, Monsang Pantha village

        UCO- Chandel 29980110045688

        UCBA0002998

        Piggery, petty shops, poultry

        1,00,000.00

        Loan

        02

        Wadi Farmers Group, Thangkin village

        UCO-Chandel  29980110045688

        UCBA0002998

        Poultry, piggery, weaving

        90,000.00

        loan

        03

        Shavaangrii SHG,

         Chandel SBI-31065426921

        SBINOOO4938

        Piggery, Poultry

        60,000.00

        loan

        04

        Pareng SHG

        Chandel SBI -11831657142

        SBINOOO4938

        Tailoring, Poultry , Piggery

        70,000.00

        loan

        05

        KoViing SHG

        SBI-11831657936

        SBINOOO4938

        Piggery, petty shops, poultry, petty shops

        1,40,000.00

        loan

        06

        Riining SHG

        Chandel SBI -11831657288

        SBINOOO4938

        Piggery, petty shops

        1,00000.00

        loan

        07

        Keenthang SHG

        Chandel SBI - 11831656239

        SBINOOO4938

        Poultry, piggery

        1,00000.00

        loan

        08

        Shunung SHG

        Chandel SBI -11831657380

        SBINOOO4938

        Poultry, piggery, weaving

        1,50,000.00

        loan

        09

         Shepherd SHG Angkhelchayang

        Chandel SBI -35059268632

        SBINOOO4938

        Piggery, Poultry

        1,20,000.00

        loan

        10

        Formation of Green farmers club Lamphoupasana

        Chandel SBI- 33036703893

        SBINOOO4938

        Piggery, Poultry, Weaving

        70,000

        Lloan

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

        Renovation of Ponds
        As many as 18 ponds were re-constructed for the year 2016-17 for water harvesting at various strategic places at Lamphoupasana, Monsangpantha, Thangkin, Angkhelchayang Villages. The wadi farmers have benefited much from the constructed ponds. However, the benefit was short-lived as the terpolins get cut from the bottom by some insects in few places and in another buffaloes have stamped the terpolins and made it unfit for use during the time of reporting. Of course, this year heaven showers its blessing frequently and so the field was wet throughout.
        Pesticides, Compost and NPK
        Pesticide, Compost and NPK was given to the farmers on the 14th Jan 2017 and 20th, 21st February 2017. The farmers applied to the pest affected plants and also to enhance the growth of plants they give NPK and compost to their plants.
        Monsangpantha Wadi farmers purchase Birbed wire for fencing:
        The wadi farmers of Monsangpantha had decided to fence the community farm with wire as they had lost so much from the buffaloes and cows in the previous years. In the VDC meeting dated 29th February 2017 the wadi farmers of Monsangpantha decided that  they would fence the farm by contributing from their own resources and the from the fines they have  collected(from the owner of the animals whose buffaloes have destroyed their farm). They have decided to purchase 26-28 coils of barbed-wire which will be able to fence the whole farm.
        Purchase of Pipes, Pump sets, Intercrops, Saplings
        The wadi farmers would be provided with another 4HP Pum sets and 100 wadi farmers will be provided with water pipes to their farms. As many as 4HP pump sets were purchased and pipe weighting 654.8kg were also purchased. Intercrops like turmeric, ginger and potatoes weighting 1183Kg were bought. And 2400 saplings of lichi and 2550 sapling of banana were also bought and planted as replacement.

        Visit of NABCONS Consultants
        From 28th -30th April 2017, three NABCONS consultants Mr. Amarjyoti, Heman Das and Prabhat Talukdar from Guwahati came for monitoring visit to wadi farms. The team collected datas regarding the the farms, their intercrops, self-helf Groups, their resouces and other income generating activities. The group along with TDF staffs interacted with the farmers, enquire their status, their difficulties and problems.